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Glossary E

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Scroll through the following entries, or use your browser's Find facility (CTRL-F in Netscape Navigator and Microsoft Internet Explorer) to locate a specific term:


Employment Assistance Australia.


European Commission.


Evening and Community College Association.


Equal Employment Opportunity.


English Language Intensive Courses for Overseas Students.


(South Australia) See English Language and Literacy Services.


See Entry-level training.


Electrical & Electronic Industry Training Committee.


Entry Level Training Support Services.


Equivalent National Tertiary Entrance Rank.

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Employment Placement Enterprise.


(United States) Educational Resources Information Center Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education. An education information network, part of the National Library of Education, United States Department of Education.


Endorsed Standard.


English-Speaking Background.


Employment and Skills Formation Council.


English as a Second Language.


English for Speakers of Other Languages.


Education Services for Overseas Students.


English for Specific Purposes.


Employment Services Regulatory Authority.

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The official publisher of the institutions of the European Union.


EdNA VET Advisory Group. Now Flexible Learning Advisory Group.


(Also called EdNA Online or Education Network Australia) An Australian network of education services (at covering the schools, vocational education and training (VET), adult and community education (ACE), and higher education sectors. See also Limited.

EdNA VET Advisory Group

See Flexible Learning Advisory Group.

  1. The process of imparting knowledge or developing skills, understanding, attitudes, character or behaviours.
  2. The process of acquiring knowledge, skills, understanding, attitudes, etc.
  3. The knowledge, skills, understanding, attitudes, etc. acquired.
  4. The field of study concerned with teaching and learning.

Education Network Australia

See EdNA.

Education provider

An organisation that administers or delivers education programs particularly, but may also deliver training programs. See also Vocational education and training provider. Limited

A company 'owned' by the Ministers of Education and Training in all States, Territories and the Commonwealth, that aims to foster collaboration and co-operation in relation to the use of the internet in education, managing Education Network Australia (EdNA) on behalf of the Australian education community. Limited was formerly known as the Open Learning Technology Corporation (OLTC) Ltd.

Educational assessment

See Assessment.

Educational institution

Any establishment providing education, including schools, colleges, universities and institutes.

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Elective module

Parts of a course which allow students to specialise by choosing those components which are most relevant to their present job or to their career plan. See also Module and compare with Core module.

Element of competency

(Also: elements of competence) Any of the basic building blocks of a unit of competency that describe the key activities or elements of the work covered by the unit of study.


Electronic mail. A service that allows students and staff to communicate with each other online.

Employed person

A person who works in a job or business or on a farm, either as an employee, employer, own account worker, or contributing family worker.


The Australian Bureau of Statistics defines employee in the following way: An employee is a person who works for a public or private employer and receives remuneration in wages, salary, a retainer fee by their employer while working on a commission basis, tips, piece-rates or payment in kind, or a person who operates his or her own incorporated enterprise with or without hiring employees. Source: ABS, Labour Force, Australia, August 1999, p.69


The Australian Bureau of Statistics defines employer as: An employer is a person who operates his or her own unincorporated economic enterprise or engages independently in a profession or trade, and hires one or more employees. Source: ABS, Labour Force, Australia, August 1999, p.69


A person's work, occupation or business.

Employment and Skills Formation Council

(ESFC) A council of the former National Board of Employment, Education and Training, that was responsible for vocational education and training and employment issues. The ESFC no longer exists.

Endorsed component

The central part of a training package, endorsed by the National Training Quality Council, comprising competency standards, assessment guidelines and qualifications. Compare Non-endorsed component.

Endorsement approval

The term used for the formal approval or recognition by the National Training Quality Council of the core components of a training package, i.e. the competency standards, assessment guidelines and qualifications. See also Quality endorsement.

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English Language and Literacy Services

(ELLS - South Australia) A provider of English language and literacy programs for immigrants and refugees, as well as settlement and orientation services, counselling and support services, and assistance to job seekers.

  1. The registration of a person with an education or training provider for the purpose of undertaking a course or module.
  2. The total number of registered participants in an education or training program.

Enterprise Agreement

A collective agreement between the employer and employees in an enterprise or workplace, in respect of the employees' wages and conditions of employment. Agreements can be negotiated directly with employees or with their representatives, eg. unions. See also Enterprise bargaining and Australian Workplace Agreement.

Enterprise bargaining

A process of negotiation on wages and conditions between the employer and employees (or their representatives) in an enterprise or workplace, leading to an agreement for that enterprise or workplace. See also Enterprise Agreement.

Entry requirements

The qualifications, knowledge, skills or experience required for entry to an education or training program.

Entry-level skill

A skill required to commence employment in an organisation or, more generally, to gain entry into the workforce.

Entry-level training

(ELT) Training undertaken to gain entry into the workforce or further vocational education and training.


Fairness, social justice. In vocational education and training, equity policy incorporates measures to improve access to, participation in, and outcomes of, vocational education and training for those who may be disadvantaged or have traditionally been under-represented - particularly indigenous Australians, people with a disability, women, people in remote and rural communities, and people from non-English-speaking backgrounds.

Equivalency test

A test to measure the extent to which a person's existing knowledge or skills satisfy the requirements of an educational or training program or a job. See also Recognition of prior learning.


The process or results of an assessment or appraisal in relation to stated objectives, standards, or criteria; in vocational education and training, may be applied to organisations, programs, policies, courses, etc.

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Evening class

A program of education or training offered in the evening.

Evidence guide

The part of a competency standard that provides a guide to the interpretation and assessment of the unit of competency, including the aspects that need to be emphasised in assessment, relationships to other units, and the required evidence of competency.


In the context of documents available from this site, the designation (e.g. [Excel 10kb]) refers to documents formatted for the Microsoft Excel spreadsheet program.

Experiential learning

Learning through experience, either in a real situation, such as a workplace, or in role play.

Extension education

Educational activities - such as short courses, evening classes, seminars and workshops - provided by educational institutions for people outside their usual student body.

External student

A student enrolled in a course and studying at home or off-campus.

External studies

(Also called: distance education) A mode of study in which students enrolled in an education or training program do not attend the institution, but study off-campus and may submit assignments by mail or email.

e-learning account

(Electronic classroom/Internet) A personal, password-protected, electronic account that provides access to email and a variety of Web services including filtered web browsing, chat, forums, list services and web publishing.

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