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Early Childhood Education and Care > About us > Transition to school > Age appropriate pedagogies > Characteristics >

Learner focused

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Recognising that all children learn in different ways and that learning is a highly individual process. They also acknowledge differences in children's physical, intellectual, cultural, social and personal experiences and perspectives.

'Learner focused' unpacked


Teachers may:



Children may:


  • ask questions to discover links between children's emerging interests, ideas views and their wider family, community and cultural experiences

  • provide a range and balance of pedagogical approaches, practices and strategies to cater for individual development and ways of learning

  • adapt the physical, social and temporal environment of the classroom in response to children's individual learning and development

  • provide encouragement and feedback, celebrating children's attempts to try and retry new and challenging tasks.

  • have a sense of who they are and show pride in being part of their family, community and cultural group

  • engage in, and be challenged by, a range of differentiated pedagogical approaches, practices and strategies

  • engage in a range of supportive, differentiated learning environments

  • receive, understand and apply feedback to future learning.

"Funds of knowledge are embedded in the cultures of homes and communities and can be used to support learning in schools".

To find out more read the Age-appropriate pedagogies for the early years of schooling: Foundation paper pdf version Adobe PDF document1.3M - word version. Microsoft® Word document 88K

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This page was last reviewed on 21 Jul 2016

Read the Teacher and child behaviours unpacked to focus on behaviours that may be observable in classroom practice. PDF version Adobe PDF document216K

Characteristics unpacked

Use the Questions to support teacher reflection to assist in embedding the characteristics of age-appropriate pedagogies into planning and practice. PDF version Adobe PDF document491K

Characteristics support teacher reflection

Use the Examples of practice to see how one teacher aligned curriculum, pedagogy and assessment in her Prep classroom.

Characteristics support teacher reflection

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